Redating the sphinx

12-Jan-2019 13:09 by 8 Comments

Redating the sphinx

Around 1200 BC, a series of poorly-understood events weakened and destroyed the adjacent Egyptian and Hittite empires.

In terms of archaeology, language, lifestyle, and religion there was little to set the Phoenicians apart as markedly different from other residents of the Levant. It is difficult to ascertain which meaning came first, but it is understandable how Greeks may have associated the crimson or purple color of dates and dye with the merchants who traded both products. In the Amarna tablets of the 14th century BC, people from the region called themselves Kenaani or Kinaani.

The high point of Phoenician culture and sea power is usually placed c. Archaeological evidence consistent with this understanding has been difficult to identify.

A unique concentration in Phoenicia of silver hoards dated between 1200 and 800 BC, however, contains hacksilver with lead isotope ratios matching ores in Sardinia and Spain.

This theory was accepted by the 19th-century German classicist Arnold Heeren who said that: "In the Greek geographers, for instance, we read of two islands, named Tyrus or Tylos, and Aradus, which boasted that they were the mother country of the Phoenicians, and exhibited relics of Phoenician temples." The Dilmun civilization thrived in Bahrain during the period 2200–1600 BC, as shown by excavations of settlements and Dilmun burial mounds.

However, some claim there is little evidence of occupation at all in Bahrain during the time when such migration had supposedly taken place.

The rise of Macedon gradually ousted the remnants of Phoenicia's former dominance over the Eastern Mediterranean trade routes.

Phoenician culture disappeared entirely in the motherland. It oversaw the mining of iron and precious metals from Iberia, and used its considerable naval power and mercenary armies to protect commercial interests.Rome finally destroyed it in 146 BC, at the end of the Punic Wars.Following Alexander, the Phoenician homeland was controlled by a succession of Macedonian rulers: Laomedon (323 BC), Ptolemy I (320), Antigonus II (315), Demetrius (301), and Seleucus (296).Alexander was exceptionally harsh to Tyre, executing 2,000 of the leading citizens, but he maintained the king in power.He gained control of the other cities peacefully: the ruler of Aradus submitted; the king of Sidon was overthrown.Phoenicians and Canaanites alike were called Sidonians or Tyrians, as one Phoenician city came to prominence after another.

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    In lieu of flowers contributions may be made to St. Christopher Catholic Church, 20141 Detroit Rd., Rocky River 44116 (Please Meet At Church). Joe is preceded in death by his parents; his brother, Fortune Valore in 1985; and his wife, Martha J. A gathering of family and friends will be held from 2-4 & 6-8 PM on Monday, October 9, 2017 in the VERNON FUNERAL HOME, Urbana. CAJA, age 74, loving husband of the late Henrietta "Dolly" "Sally" Caja; beloved father of Richard J. (Michelle); dear grandfather of Jenna and Olivia; brother of John (deceased) (Bernie). and Angela Nee Kozak); uncle and great uncle of many. The Mass of Resurrection will follow with interment afterward in St. Kaniewski Funeral Home is handling the arrangements. Auditorium refurbished, bookstore enlarged, admissions office moved to the old chemistry class/lab, biology room. 1999 Lighted outdoor tennis, basketball, and sand volleyball courts added. 2008 Pfeil Center - Mc Kenna Arena becomes operational. 2009 Higher Learning Commission North Central Association of Colleges and Schools approves 6 new baccalaureate majors for total of 9. Saints' lacrosse team wins first conference championship of any sport. Dear Alumni: Below is the death notice of Thomas Finnegan, father of Brian Finnegan, Class of 1977, and Tommy Finnegan, Class of 1986, father-in-law of Dan O'Grady, Class of 1978, and John Fox, Class of 1975, grandfather of Pat Finnegan, Class of 2004, Casey Finnegan, Class of 2009, Sean O'Grady, Class of 2006, Dan O'Grady, Class of 2008, Colin O'Grady, Class of 2010, Michael Fox, Class of 2008, and Tommy Fox, Class of 2016. Catherine enjoyed her early morning coffee while reading the local newspaper, fine chocolates (particularly those from Malley's candy store in Cleveland), historical reading (especially biographies of Harry Truman and Jacqueline Kennedy), Sunday car drives, and learning from adult courses offered at the Forever Learning Institute. and formerly of Cleveland, OH., passed away, Sunday, October 23, 2016. Dear Alumni: Below is the death notice of Joseph J. Mercedes O'Toole, great-aunt of Devin Gallagher, Class of 2004, and aunt of Sheila Gallagher, our SEHS Receptionist. In lieu of flowers memorial contributions can be made to any Chase Bank location, or may be mailed to the Laubenthal-Mercado Funeral Home and Cremation Service, 38475 Chestnut Ridge Rd. He had a heart of gold and was a generous giving soul.